EU's Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (2007-2013)
The Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) was the main financial tool of the European Union for supporting research and innovation running from 2007-2013. The budget for seven years was EUR 50.5 billion. It bundled all research-related EU initiatives together under a common roof playing a crucial role in reaching the goals of growth, competitiveness and employment; along with the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP), Education and Training programmes, and Structural and Cohesion Funds for regional convergence and competitiveness. It was a key pillar for the European Research Area (ERA) development.
It has been replaced by Horizon 2020 (2014-2020).
The broad objectives of FP7 were grouped into four categories: Cooperation, Ideas, People and Capacities. For each type of objective, there was a specific programme corresponding to the main areas of EU research policy. All specific programmes worked together to promote and encourage the creation of European poles of (scientific) excellence.
The non-nuclear research activities of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) were grouped under a specific programme with individual budget allocation.