The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union and made up of 28 commissioners nominated by the Member States. It drafts proposals for new European laws, manages the day-to-day business of implementing EU policies and spending of EU funds. The Commission is appointed for a five-year term by the Council acting by qualified majority in agreement with the Member States. It is subject to a vote of appointment by the European Parliament, to which it is answerable. The Commissioners are assisted by an administration made up of Directorates-General and specialised departments whose staff are divided mainly between Brussels and Luxembourg.
The EC is, needless to say, a key-stakeholder of the European Research Area as it is in charge to implement the decisions taken by the European Council and Parliament. The European Commission designs, in consultation with other stakeholders, and implements the framework programmes; furthermore, it is a funder or co-funder of many of the key instruments of the ERA (Including the different programmes of the Horizon 2020).