European Atomic Energy Community
EURATOM implements research and training activities in the nuclear sector. It was set up in 1957 and is legally separated from the European Community (EC). It has its own Framework Research Programme, however managed by the common Community institutions. In Horizon 2020 Euratom has two associated specific programmes, one covering the fields of fusion energy research, nuclear fission and radiation protection, and the other covering direct actions in the nuclear field (nuclear waste management, environmental impact, safety and security) undertaken by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the EC.