European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) CBC 2014-2020
- Posted on: 14.05.2015
- Abbreviation: ENI CBC 2014-2020
The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) aims at bringing Europe and its neighbours closer, supporting political and economic reforms in sixteen of Europe’s neighbouring countries as a means of promoting peace, stability and economic prosperity in the whole region. It is designed to give greater emphasis than previously to bilateral relations between the EU and each neighbouring country. This policy is financed through not only IPA but also by means of
- 17 European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) cross-border collaboration programmes.
EU allocation: EUR 15.4 billion, of which 634 million is earmarked for cross-border cooperation.
The preparation of the new programming period started in 2011 and the regulation and the Common Implementing Rules for External Actions have been adopted on 11 March 2014 and they are available here.
Please click here for guidance documents on ENI CBC 2014+.
How support is given
Support through the ENI is programmed and given in three different ways:
+ bilateral programmes covering support to one partner country;
+ multi-country programmes which address challenges common to all or a number of partner countries, and regional and sub-regional cooperation between two or more partner countries;
+ Cross-Border Cooperation programmes between Member States and partner countries taking place along their shared part of the external border of the EU (including Russia).
The Regulation setting up the ENI elaborates on the way it will work and the priority areas. Detailed information about each programme can be found in Annex II of the Regulation.
More types of support and other programmes are available to the Neighbourhood. More information including a glossary can be found in the EU Neighbourhood Info Centre’s handbook: EU Funding for the Neighbourhood and Russia.
Some of the ENI cooperation areas that will be given high priority are:
+ Boosting small businesses
+ Civil-society engagement
+ Climate change action
+ Easier mobility of people
+ Energy cooperation
+ Gender equality promotion
+ Gradual economic integration
+ People-to-people contacts
+ Transport connections
+ Youth and employment
Details about the priorities under the bilateral, the multi-country and the cross border cooperation programmes can be foundin Annex II of the ENI Regulation.