Territorial cooperation in the European Union is about reducing disparities between regions, reinforcing cohesion and encouraging optimal economic development. For more than 20 years the European Union has supported cooperation efforts of regions and cities to address issues that affect our daily life, such as transport, education, energy, health care and environmental protection.
Three policy instruments of the European Union support territorial cooperation
within the EU:
- European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) objective of the EU's cohesion policy supports cooperation on internal borders of the EU
outside the EU:
- Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) supports cooperation between EU regions and regions in pre-accession countries
- European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) / now ENI CBC 2014-2020 supports cooperation between EU regions and regions of EU external neighbours
Currently there are 93 cooperation programmes which provide the framework and funding for local and regional institutions, universities, companies and research institutes to carry out cooperation projects. By pooling together resources, exchanging knowledge and sharing good practices, cooperation projects improve the day to day lives of people throughout Europe and beyond.
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