Partnering (P2P and PPP) in EU RTDI programmes
What is partnering?
Partnering brings together the public sector at European, national and regional levels in public-public partnerships ("P2Ps") as well as the public and private sector in public-private partnerships ("PPPs").
Partnering can help to maximise the contribution of Research and Innovation to achieving smart and sustainable growth in the EU, by making the research and innovation ("R&I") cycle more efficient and shorten the time from research to market. This is essential to achieve the European Research Area (ERA) by 2014 and to deliver on the Innovation Union, the Digital Agenda and other EU 2020 Flagships.
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs)
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are forms of cooperation between public authorities and businesses. These partnerships may be based on a contractual agreement between the Commission and the industry partners, setting out the objectives, commitments, key performance indicators and outputs to be delivered. The PPPs will be implemented through open calls under Horizon 2020. Two types of PPPs exist:
(1) Contractual PPPs
Contractual PPPs (cPPPs) take the form of contractual arrangements between the Commission and representative industrial associations for key sectors of Europe's economy. They implement industry-defined strategic research and innovation agendas through co-funded projects selected through Horizon 2020 calls for proposals.
cPPPs activity areas: (1) Energy-efficient Buildings (EeB); (2) Factories of the Future (FOF); (3) European Green Vehicles Initiative (EGVI); (4) Sustainable Process Industry (SPIRE); (5) Advanced 5G network infrastructure for the Future Internet (5G); (6) High Performance Computing (HPC); (7) Robotics and (8) Photonics;
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(2) Institutional PPPs – Joint Technology Initiatives
Joint Technology Initiatives (JTI) are long-term Public-Private Partnerships. JTIs support large-scale multinational research activities in areas of major interest to European industrial competitiveness as well as issues of high societal relevance. JTIs were also developed in order provide assistance to a small number of European Technology Platforms (ETPs).
The JTIs are open to a wide range of industries across Europe, including SMEs, and all types of research organisations can apply for funding. The dedicated structure chosen to implement the JTIs are the Joint Undertakings, independent legal entities that manage research projects in an integrated way, with industry joining forces with other stakeholders.
Find out more about JTIs
Public-Public Partnerships (P2Ps)
P2Ps are partnerships where public sector bodies at local, regional, national or international level commit with the Commission to jointly support the development and implementation of a research and innovation programme or activity. P2Ps align national strategies, helping to overcome fragmentation of public research effort. Two types of P2Ps exist:
(1) Joint Programming Initiatives (JPIs) (or art.185):
The concept intends to tackle the challenges that cannot be solved solely on the national level and allows Member States and Associated Countries to participate in those joint initiatives where it seems useful for them. The overall aim of the Joint Programming process is to pool national research efforts in order to make better use of Europe's precious public R&D resources and to tackle common European challenges more effectively in a few key areas.
For more information about JPIs please follow this link.
(2) ERA-NET Cofund
The ERA-NET Cofund is designed to support P2Ps in their preparation, establishment of networking structures, design, implementation and coordination of joint activities as well as topping up of single joint calls and of actions of a transnational nature.
ERA-NET projects aim at stepping up the cooperation and coordination of research programs carried out at national or regional level in the Member States through the networking of research programs, towards the development and implementation of joint activities.