Moldova Country report on implementation of the ENP, adopted on 25 March 2015
Being part of the 2015 ENP package "Implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2014", the report on the Republic of Moldova underlines key developments and reform efforts in 2014 and makes recommendations for the year to come.
Once a year, the European Commission and the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy publish reports assessing the progress made towards the objectives of the Action Plans and the Association Agendas. The reports about the implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2014 were adopted on 25 March 2015.
2014 has been a period of general political stability for the Republic of Moldova. The government continued to steadily work on the country´s European Agenda. On 27 June 2014 the Association Agreement including the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (AA/DCFTA) was signed and its provisional application began on 1 September 2014. On 28 April 2014 the visa-free regime took effect and around 360,000 persons travelled visa-free to the EU in 2014. The Republic of Moldova´s economy faced a difficult situation in 2014 with the crisis in Ukraine and numerous trade embargoes by the Russian Federation impeding on trade with these two major trade partners. Nevertheless, Moldovan exports to the EU increased following the implementation of the DCFTA in September. Reforms were decided to make the economy comply with the DCFTA, for example in the field of free movement of goods and with regard to technical regulations, customs, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards.The investment climate remained difficult.
The Moldovan Government continued to focus on integration with the EU single energy market and addressing its main challenges in the energy sector, particularly security of supply, accumulated energy debts and low energy efficiency.
A new law on promoting renewable energy sources was developed and is in the final stage of adoption in parliament. This was aimed at esta blishing new incentives for such investments.
On energy efficiency, Moldova adopted laws on energy labelling and on the ecological design of energy products and improved the administrative capacity of its Energy Efficiency Agency and Energy Efficiency Fund. The Energy Efficiency Fund launched two new calls for energy efficiency projects in the public and the private sector, and Moldova also became a full member of the multi-donor Eastern Europe Energy Efficiency and Environment Partnership to which the EU is a major contributor. The Ministry of Economy is currently implementing nine projects to promote sustainable development under the Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood Countries’ programme.
In December Moldova adopted its climate change adaptation strategy and action plan for 2020. In May parliament adopted a law on environmental impact assessment, transposing an EU Directive on the assessment of the effects on the environment of certain public and private projects. The Ministry of Environment approved a new water supply and sanitation strategy for 2014-28 and an environmental strategy for 2014-23 setting out plans for the future development of the sector.
The ‘Digital Moldova 2020 Strategy’, which is the country’s national information society development strategy, was implemented with the aim of ensuring systematic and predictable development based on the principles of the ‘Digital Agenda for Europe’.
A new Science and Innovation Code was adopted to stimulate innovation by fostering applied research and by encouraging closer cooperation between the academic and the research sectors. In March the Moldovan Academy of Sciences organised the official regional launch of the 'Horizon 2020' Programme while the agreement on Moldova’s participation in the 'Horizon 2020' Programme was signed in July. Moldova is the first Eastern Partnership country who signed up to the programme.
Moldova continued its educational reform, with the approval and entry into force of the new Educational Code and its 2014-20 education development strategy (‘Education 2020’). However, the lack of qualified teaching staff, inefficiencies and limited adaptation to the needs of the labour market remained a concern.
Moldova participated in the Tempus programme with 18 on-going projects. 314 students and staff were selected in 2014 for mobility within partnerships supported by Erasmus Mundus and five students were selected for a joint master’s degree. One application was selected for funding under the Marie Skodowska-Curie actions (MSCA) under 'Horizon 2020'. 47 Moldovan schools participated in the eTwinning plus project. Young people and youth organisations benefited from Erasmus + , with 868 participants in mobility projects and 96 in the action for young people and decisi on-makers in the field of youth.
On the basis of the Country Progress Report, several actions are recommended to the Republic of Moldova for the coming year such as for instance continuing progress on sectoral reforms, and adopting the necessary measures to fully implement the new Education Code, and starting to implement the vocational education and training restructuring plan.
The report is available below for download.
Please find the whole list of recommendations in the Country Progress Report here:
For further information:
I. EU financial support:
In 2014, EU funding through the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) amounted to €131 million to support implementation of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area, public finance reform, agriculture and rural development. Part of the funding (€30 million) for the Republic of Moldova was granted from the ENI umbrella programme, the incentive-based mechanism that rewards progress in building deep and sustainable democracy.
A total of up to €410 million will be available for Moldova in the years 2014-2017 to support reforms in key areas, such as public administration reform, agriculture and rural development, police reform and border management. Complementary support for the modernisation of public institutions and for civil society can be provided outside the priority sectors. Total figures are indicative: final allocations will depend on the country's needs and commitment to reforms.
In addition to ENI, in 2014 Moldova also benefitted from other EU support such as the thematic programme for Civil Society and Local Authorities (€1.25 million).
Further information on financial cooperation can be found in Section IV of the Statistical Annex and on the following websites of the European Commission:
II. Further sources of information:
- Joint Communication on the implementation of the ENP in 2014
- Progress report for the Republic of Moldova with the full list of recommendations
- EU-Republic of Moldova Association Agenda
- The European Neighbourhood Policy in general:
b.) European Commission
- Website of Ms Federica Mogherini, HR/VP
- Website of Mr Johannes Hahn, Member of the European Commission for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations