H2020 - Inter-relations between climate change, biodiversity and ecosystem services
Proposals under this call should focus on the way that ecological processes, biodiversity and ecosystem services are impacted by climate change. They should also consider the interactions and feedbacks between climate change and biodiversity, ecosystem functions and services. The vulnerability of biodiversity and ecosystems functions and services to climate change should be investigated and modelled across a range of European climatic and ecological regions. They should account for social, ecological and economic aspects, for climate change relevant stressors and sources of uncertainty. The role of nature-based solutions in this regard should also be assessed and synergies with other pollution-reducing environmental policies should be explored.
- to achieve a resource – and water - efficient and climate change resilient economy and society,
- the protection and sustainable management of natural resources and ecosystems, and
- a sustainable supply and use of raw materials, in order to meet the needs of a growing global population within the sustainable limits of the planet's natural resources and eco-systems.
The 20th century's era of seemingly plentiful and cheap resources is coming to an end. The ability of the economy to adapt and become more climate change resilient, resource efficient and at the same time remain competitive depends on high levels of eco-innovation, of a societal, economic, organisational and technological nature. With the global market for eco-innovation worth around 1 trillion € per annum and expected to triple by 2030, eco-innovation represents a major opportunity to boost competitiveness and job creation in European economies.
To ensure EU added value and given the transnational and global nature of the climate and the environment, their scale and complexity, and the international dimension of the raw materials supply chain, activities have to be carried out at the Union level and beyond. Reducing resource use and environmental impacts, whilst increasing competitiveness, will require a decisive societal and technological transition to an economy based on a sustainable relationship between nature and human well-being. Innovation in these fields will provide opportunities for growth and jobs, as well as innovative options involving science, technology including of ICT, the economy, society, policy and governance.
Research and innovation will cover the following broad lines of activities:
- Fighting and adapting to climate change
- Protecting the environment, sustainably managing natural resources, water, biodiversity and ecosystems
- Ensuring the sustainable supply of non-energy and non-agricultural raw materials
- Enabling the transition towards a green economy and society through eco-innovation
- Developing comprehensive and sustained global environmental observation and information systems
- Cultural heritage